Role of biopolymers as major carrier phases of Th, Pa, Pb, Po, and Be radionuclides in settling particles from the Atlantic Ocean Journal Article


Authors: Chuang, Chia-Ying; Santschi, Peter H.; Ho, Yi-Fang; Conte, Maureen H.; Guo, Laodong; Schumann, Dorothea; Ayranov, Mann; Li, Yuan-Hui
Article Title: Role of biopolymers as major carrier phases of Th, Pa, Pb, Po, and Be radionuclides in settling particles from the Atlantic Ocean
Abstract: The concentrations of potential organic (e.g., proteins, polysaccharides, uronic acids, hydroquinones, hydroxamate- and catechol-type siderophores) and inorganic (Fe, Mn, Si, and CaCO3) carrier phases for radionuclides (Th-234, (233)pa, (210)po, Pb-210 and Be-7) and their particle-water partition coefficients (K-d) were determined for particles collected by sediment traps deployed at the Oceanic Flux Program (OFP) site off Bermuda (500, 1500 and 3200 m). The purpose was to better understand the mechanisms that control the chemical composition of sinking particles as well as the scavenging and fractionation behavior of those five radionuclides. Different components contributed differently to the scavenging of different radionuclides at the three depths. Chemical considerations (e.g., ionic potential, ionization energy, multifunctional group structures), as well as factor analysis (FA) and correlations of logK(d) values with chemical parameters, indicate that hydroxamate siderophores are major classes of biopolymers that have a role in binding Po and Pa. MnO2 and FeO2, whose presence is closely related to that of hydroxamate siderophores (HS), are also involved in binding of Pa and Po. The carbonate and biogenic silica phases are identified to be important in predicting removal and fractionation of Th and Be in the ocean. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords: SARGASSO SEA; ORGANIC-MATTER; LEAD; IRON; COMPLEXATION; Particle flux; Biogenic silica; Manganese; GULF-OF-MEXICO; Thorium; MASS-SPECTROMETRY; CALCITE; SUSPENDED PARTICLES; beryllium; protactinium; RESIDENCE TIMES; Oceanic Flux Program; HYDROXAMATE SIDEROPHORES; Particle reactive radionuclides; Sediment trap particles; Polonium; EXOPOLYMERIC SUBSTANCES EPS; IN-STATU-NASCENDI
Journal Title: Marine Chemistry
Volume: 157
ISSN: 0304-4203
Publisher: Elsevier  
Publication Place: AMSTERDAM; PO BOX 211, 1000 AE AMSTERDAM, NETHERLANDS
Date Published: 2013
Start Page: 131
End Page: 143
DOI/URL:
Notes: PT: J; TC: 0; UT: WOS:000329271700013