Scavenging, cycling and removal fluxes of Po-210 and Pb-210 at the Bermuda time-series study site Journal Article


Authors: Hong, G. H.; Baskaran, M.; Church, T. M.; Conte, M.
Article Title: Scavenging, cycling and removal fluxes of Po-210 and Pb-210 at the Bermuda time-series study site
Abstract: Quantifying relative affinities of Po and Pb in different populations of marine particulate matter is of great importance in utilizing Po-210 as a tracer for carbon cycling. We collected and analyzed water samples for the concentrations of dissolved and total Po-210 and Pb-210 from the upper 600 m of the water column at Bermuda Time-series Study site (September 1999-September 2000) to investigate their seasonality of concentrations and their activity ratio (Po-210/Pb-210 activity ratio, AR). Sinking particles collected in sediment traps at depths of 500 m, 1500 m, and 3200 m from the Oceanic Flux Program (OFP) time-series sediment traps were analyzed over a period of 12 months (May 1999-May 2000). The objective was to compare the deficiencies of Po-210 with respect to Pb-210 in the water column to that measured in the sediment traps and to assess the relative affinities of Po and Pb with different particle pools. Inventories of Po-210 in the upper 500 m water column varied by a factor of 2, indicating seasonal variations of particulate flux dominated the removal of Po-210. The Po-210/Pb-210 Pb ARs in the dissolved phase were generally less than the secular equilibrium value (1.0) in the upper 600 m, while were generally greater than 1.0 in the particulate phase, indicating higher removal rates of Po-210 relative to Pb-210 by particulate matter. The measured fluxes of Po-210 and Pb-210 in the 500 m, 1500 m, and 3200 m traps increased with depth, while the Po-210/Pb-210 ARs decreased with depth except from May-August 1999. From the measured fluxes of Po-210 and Pb-210 at these three traps and the concentrations of Po-210 and Pb-210 in the water column, this region appears to be a sink for Pb-210 which is likely brought-in by lateral advection. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords: NORTH-ATLANTIC; DISTRIBUTIONS; SURFACE WATERS; TRACE-ELEMENTS; PARTICLE FLUXES; Sediment trap; PACIFIC; INDIAN-OCEAN; DISEQUILIBRIA; DEEP SARGASSO SEA
Journal Title: Deep-Sea Research Part II-Topical Studies in Oceanography
Volume: 93
ISSN: 0967-0645
Publisher: Elsevier  
Publication Place: OXFORD; THE BOULEVARD, LANGFORD LANE, KIDLINGTON, OXFORD OX5 1GB, ENGLAND
Date Published: 2013
Start Page: 108
End Page: 118
DOI/URL:
Notes: PT: J; TC: 0; SI: SI; UT: WOS:000323189200009