Envisioning a Marine Biodiversity Observation Network Journal Article

Authors: Duffy, J. Emmett; Amaral-Zettler, Linda A.; Fautin, Daphne G.; Paulay, Gustav; Rynearson, Tatiana A.; Sosik, Heidi M.; Stachowicz, John J.
Article Title: Envisioning a Marine Biodiversity Observation Network
Abstract: Humans depend on diverse ocean ecosystems for food, jobs, and sustained well-being, yet many stressors threaten marine life. Extensive research has demonstrated that maintaining biodiversity promotes ocean health and service provision; therefore, monitoring the status and trends of marine biodiversity is important for effective ecosystem management. However, there is no systematic sustained program for evaluating ocean biodiversity. Coordinating existing monitoring and building a proactive marine biodiversity observation network will support efficient, economical resource management and conservation and should be a high priority. A synthesis of expert opinions suggests that, to be most effective, a marine biodiversity observation network should integrate biological levels, from genes to habitats; link biodiversity observations to abiotic environmental variables; site projects to incorporate environmental forcing and biogeography; and monitor adaptively to address emerging issues. We summarize examples illustrating how to leverage existing data and infrastructure to meet these goals.
Keywords: DIVERSITY; COMMUNITIES; COASTAL; climate change; CLIMATE; FLOW-CYTOMETRY; Ecosystem services; global; MAP; IMPACTS; ecosystem-based management; KNOWLEDGE; SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA BIGHT; biodiversity observation network (BON); biosecurity
Journal Title: Bioscience
Volume: 63
Issue: 5
ISSN: 0006-3568
Publisher: American Institute of Biological Sciences  
Publication Place: WASHINGTON; 1444 EYE ST, NW, STE 200, WASHINGTON, DC 20005 USA
Date Published: 2013
Start Page: 350
End Page: 361
Notes: PT: J; TC: 0; UT: WOS:000322048500010